the man his art On the experts Fakes & Forgeries On the market
from Born to Venice Drawings Past experts Myth and reality on his fakes The market
Arrival to Paris Sculpture Catalogues done in the past Famous forgers trust in the market?
Becoming an artist Painting Actual /Living experts known and undoubted fakes Auctions & Modigliani
on the path All the attributed works Catalogues of actual experts how to detect a fake Galleries & Museums
The artist Exhibitions during his lifetime How should an expertise must be done what to do with forgeries and forgers Famous collectors fromt the past to actual times
The myth Exhibitions until today News on the experts Art Historians, a trustable source? News on the market
Selected bibliography on him News on his art References  and Bibliography on the experts references on fakes & forgeries references & links on the market

“A work of art is the unique result of a unique temperament.”

― Oscar Wilde


Here you will find the renowned famous ones and a few really bad ones.
Famous ones are probably not the good ones, the good ones are those unknown and will probably never be known.
(There is a myth that Lipchitz painted several Modiglianis for Zborowski but no proof is given of the scam.)
I am not the person to state what is a fake and what is not so I will just refer to the press and external links.
The final opinion is up to you, reader.
(I do not include here the Livorno joke because they were only joking, none of them tried to get money with their Black & Decker until much later...)
But, no matter how good the fake was if it does not present the correct pigments and a coinciding X-Ray it is not... 

PIGMENTS IN PAINTINGS ARE LIKE DNA

Identification des materiaux synthetiques dans les peintures modernes. II. Pigments organiques et matiere picturale
Naoko Sonoda, Jean-Paul Rioux, Alain René Duval, Studies in Conservation, Vol. 38, No. 2 (May, 1993), pp. 99-127
external link >>


Pigments in painting are like a DNA test
A Review of the Classes, Structures, and Methods of Analysis of Synthetic Organic Pigments, Suzanne Quillen Lomax, Tom Learner. Journal of the American Institute for Conservation, Vol. 45, No. 2 (Summer, 2006), pp. 107-125. external link >>

The main issue it that you don't have to be very clever to recognize that the "famous ones" were so silly that it is really easy to recognize them, just take a look with examples and discover it for yourself.

Even a monkey with a minimum training would recognize them.

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1.- ELMYR DE HORY:

The most popular and as can be easily seen, not a very good one.

Revealed as a forger in 1968. Orson Welles included him in F of Fake and gave him the credit to become a popular freak character.
Made an estimated 1000 fake paintings, primarily in the style of the post-impressionists.
He was close to many art historians, preeminent dealers and museum directors (so he was an insider in the art world, paying for certificates and COA´s and all that crap).
He had a drama queen life, with lovers coming and going, full of lies, mobsters, and ended up committing suicide to avoid extradition (?).
His paintings were sold in North America, Europe, and Japan, and the total market value is estimated to be over one-hundred million dollars of his time.
Many fine and respected galleries and museums are in possession or have dealt with what they believe to be a valuable “Matisse” or “Modigliani,” but which is in fact a “de Hory” (he said that in "Fake" but it has never been proven.)

As can be seen at first view he does not have the quality to even be compared..

Much more quality in drawings than in painting, he never reached the quality of the Livournese. this can be clearly seen with a simple view of his fake-copies and the originals.

His main victims were Matisse and Picasso.
Modigliani was collateral but just a simple look reveals they are not...

External Link >>
Web page dedicated to him >>


Examples of his work (Copy of Modigliani originals):
How to detect his fakes:

Some of his works have a certain quality, of course not like Modigliani. but can perform a little "tour de force" for new rich eyes with a total lack of knowledge about Modigliani.

A simple X ray reveals the truth, he did not know that Forensic methods would some day exist.
He used Industrial pigments and supports.

All his paintings have titanium white.
Short: maybe in Matisse or Picasso he was good, but in the case of Modigliani he would not even mislead a monkey.
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2.- JOHN MYATT:


A part-time art teacher and songwriter from Staffordshire, produced more than 200 paintings over 10 years, which were sold around the world for a total of about £2m.

With an aversion to the smell of expensive oils, which also took a long time to dry, he used house paint mixed with turpentine (that's what he said), linseed oil and lubricant jelly (Vaseline, yes the industrial one).

His favorite targets were the modernists, the cubists Gleizes and Braque, Ben Nicholson, Nicolas de Stael, Giacometti and a dozen others.

External Link >>

Examples of his work (Copy of Modigliani originals):
How to detect his fakes:

A simple look at his poor quality.
Forensic methods will make any possible alarm sound, he used vaseline as agglutinate, in 10 years more or less all of them will be revealed...
All his paintings don´t deserve even the investment of an analysis.

 

Short: only if the monkey is blind.
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3.- DAVID STEIN:

In 1967, Stein, a former art dealer, was convicted in this country, on his plea of guilty, of six counts of counterfeiting art work and grand larceny. He had mastered the styles of such great artists as Chagall, Picasso, Matisse, Braque, Klee, Miro, Cocteau and Rouault to such an extent that he was able to and did sell as the original works of such artists, watercolors, gouaches and other paintings which he had created. After serving his jail sentence, Stein was deported to France where he was arrested and subsequently convicted for selling art forgeries. Stein, in jail in Paris was permitted by the French authorities to produce paintings “in the style of” such renowned artists as Chagall, Matisse, Picasso, Braque and others, only if they bore his own signature: “Stein, D.” rather than the signatures of these masters as had been his prior practice.

In April, 1969, Gallery's affiliate in London exhibited and sold a number of such paintings made by Stein during his confinement.

Collaborated in the movie "The Moderns" and all the paintings were by his hand.
Died recently.
External Link >>

Examples of his work (the movie is quite nice):
Even at first sight, it has nothing to do with Modigliani

How to detect his fakes:

Have not been able to see one close or live, but the quality of the pictures speaks for itself.
A simple X ray reveals the truth, he did not know that Forensic methods would some day exist.
He used Industrial pigments and supports.
All his paintings have titanium white
.
In Short: the monkey would shout fake.
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4.- THOMAS PATRICK KEATING:

He made a particular specialty out of producing forged water-colors by Samuel Palmer and fine oil paintings by Dutch, Flemish, English and French old masters. 


Forgeries of all sorts in a prolific and remarkable career. Oil paintings, water colors and drawings flowed out of his studio, all of which were certified as genuine works by artists such as Gainsborough, Renoir, Van Dongen, Degas, Fragonard, Boucher, Modigliani and of course Samuel Palmer.

To obtain certificates he needed art historians, dealers and museums to accomplish the fraud...
He himself wrote: "avant-garde fashion, with critics and dealers often conniving to line their own pockets at the expense both of naive collectors and impoverished artists".
One clear and important point is that Keating planted "time bombs" in all his pictures, Often writing snide or blatantly rude comments in lead white on the canvas before he started the painting, knowing full well that if the works were examined properly in the first place and x rayed, they'd show up!
He is reported to have forged over 2,000 paintings by something like 100 artists.

External Link >>

Examples of his work : I have not seen one yet.
How to detect his fakes:

Have not been able to see one so I can not judge his quality.
Forensic methods will reveal the fake.

He used to put phrases and signatures in white lead underneath so they can be easily detected in an x-ray..
 
In Short: the monkey have to see one previously.
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5.- JEAN-PIERRE SCHECROUN:

French artist demonstrated the ease with which he could produce, in three minutes, a convincing imitation of a typical Picasso bullfight drawing with brush and ink. Before he was arrested and charged with forgery in 1962, Schecroun had produced about eighty works purporting to be by Picasso and other modern masters. The pictures were said to have brought in £25,000 in two years.
Like so many before him, Schecroun claimed that all he had wanted to do in the first place was expose the idiocy of the critics and dealers who refused to buy his own paintings but gave ridiculous sums for work supposedly by other artists that he could do in a few minutes.

External Link >>

Examples of his work : I have not seen one yet.
How to detect his fakes:

A simple X ray reveals the truth, he did not know that Forensic methods would some day exist.
He used Industrial pigments and supports.

All his paintings have titanium white
In Short: the monkey have to see one previously.
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6.- ERIC I. SPOUTZ:


Unknown data , but he must have a strong hatred for the master of Livorno.
(and a total lack of talent...).

 

Examples of his work:
How to detect his fakes:

Is it necessary?.

In Short: C' mon the monkey is a superior mammal...
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The main question is that we don't have to be afraid of the famous ones, they are quite easy to discover (by the way some of the living ones have contacted me asking for my opinion on some of their crap.).

The good forgers must be part of the art market and work for the best dealers (with, or using them depends...), those are the really complicated ones, but today and with the state of the question about Modigliani, they go for another easier challenge like a Picasso or an abstract expressionist painter whose pigments are much easier to fake.

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Click to see :

- Mistakes done
- Art historians by name
- On Modigliani
- How to do an expertise